Tag Archive: Lebanon

5 explosions of ammonium nitrate are as dangerous as those in Lebanon (Part 2)

Disaster in Texas, USA (1947)

The most serious industrial accident in US history occurred at Galveston Bay in the port city of Texas City, Texas on April 16, 1947. The incident stems from someone throwing cigarettes on the SS Grandcamp (French registry) carrying 2,300 tons of ammonium nitrate.

The explosion sparked a chain reaction that caused many other ships to dock at the docks caught fire and exploded. As a result, at least 581 people were killed and about 3,500 others injured.

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The explosion also affected two aircraft flying in the sky at that time and even knocked down many people in the Galveston area, 16 km from the center of the explosion.

Explosion in Germany (1921)

On September 21, 1921, a tower containing about 450 tons of ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulfate exploded at a BASF plant on the outskirts of Oppau, Germany, killing 500 to 600 people and injuring 2,000 others.

Before the explosion, BASF factory successfully used a mixture of ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate, at the ratio of 50:50, for more than 20,000 times. However, on the day of the explosion, the safety ratio was supposed to have been skewed.

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Catastrophe in England (1916)

On April 2, 1916, a huge explosion occurred at a factory near the town of Faversham, England. Earlier, an adjacent warehouse with 25 tons of TNT and 700 tons of ammonium nitrate caught fire, creating a tremendous explosion.

According to Sputnik, 115 people were killed, mostly men working at the factory, seven bodies were never found. The explosion was so strong that people in the city of Norwich, 244 km away, could still feel it.

5 explosions of ammonium nitrate are as dangerous as those in Lebanon (Part 1)

A warehouse of more than 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate, an explosive-making chemical, exploded at a harbor in Beirut, Lebanon on August 4, killing at least 135 people, injuring more than 5,000 and injuring 30,000. evacuation.

According to Sputnik, the aftermath of the explosion was immense, half of the buildings in the city were destroyed. Hospitals were overwhelmed by the large number of injured people, the governor of Beirut said.

According to the Lebanese Prime Minister, the huge amount of ammonium nitrate (NH4-NO3) exploded on August 4 stored in storage for more than 6 years without appropriate fire prevention measures.

Ammonium nitrate is a compound both used as an agricultural fertilizer and can be used to make explosives. An explosion occurs when ammonium nitrate is exposed to fire or a transition results in an explosion. If stored in large quantities, an explosion can result in a major disaster with many casualties. In the past, similar heartbreaking disasters have occurred.

Explosion at a warehouse in Tianjin, China (2015)

Two horrific explosions occurred at industrial warehouses in the port city of Tianjin on August 12, 2015, causing a massive fire. The incident left 110 rescuers, 55 residents dead and more than 790 others injured, 8 bodies so far have not been found.

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According to Chinese officials, the fire broke out in flammable material and spread to chemical storage areas, including ammonium nitrate and sodium cyanide, causing explosions. 

The incident caused tens of thousands of people to evacuate, estimated losses of 1.5 billion USD. Toxic chemicals released into the air adversely affected the environment near the scene of the explosions.

North Korean explosion (2004)

Cars carrying nitrogen fertilizers, mostly composed of ammonium nitrate, along with trains carrying flammable fuel exploded at North Korea’s Ryongchon station in late April 2004.

5 vụ nổ amoni nitrat nguy hiểm tương đương vụ nổ ở Liban - 2

According to Sputnik, at least 162 people were killed and more than 3,000 were injured in the blast. The great pressure from the explosion destroyed many houses, leaving thousands of people in a “sky and land” scene.