A warehouse of more than 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate, an explosive-making chemical, exploded at a harbor in Beirut, Lebanon on August 4, killing at least 135 people, injuring more than 5,000 and injuring 30,000. evacuation.
According to Sputnik, the aftermath of the explosion was immense, half of the buildings in the city were destroyed. Hospitals were overwhelmed by the large number of injured people, the governor of Beirut said.
According to the Lebanese Prime Minister, the huge amount of ammonium nitrate (NH4-NO3) exploded on August 4 stored in storage for more than 6 years without appropriate fire prevention measures.
Ammonium nitrate is a compound both used as an agricultural fertilizer and can be used to make explosives. An explosion occurs when ammonium nitrate is exposed to fire or a transition results in an explosion. If stored in large quantities, an explosion can result in a major disaster with many casualties. In the past, similar heartbreaking disasters have occurred.
Explosion at a warehouse in Tianjin, China (2015)
Two horrific explosions occurred at industrial warehouses in the port city of Tianjin on August 12, 2015, causing a massive fire. The incident left 110 rescuers, 55 residents dead and more than 790 others injured, 8 bodies so far have not been found.
According to Chinese officials, the fire broke out in flammable material and spread to chemical storage areas, including ammonium nitrate and sodium cyanide, causing explosions.
The incident caused tens of thousands of people to evacuate, estimated losses of 1.5 billion USD. Toxic chemicals released into the air adversely affected the environment near the scene of the explosions.
North Korean explosion (2004)
Cars carrying nitrogen fertilizers, mostly composed of ammonium nitrate, along with trains carrying flammable fuel exploded at North Korea’s Ryongchon station in late April 2004.
According to Sputnik, at least 162 people were killed and more than 3,000 were injured in the blast. The great pressure from the explosion destroyed many houses, leaving thousands of people in a “sky and land” scene.